Montclair Backyard Habitat Project

Partial List of Native Plants

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Full Sun

Part- Sun

Shade

Deer Resistant

Attractive to……..

Height/Season

Perennials

Alexanders, Golden

Zizia aurea

*

*

 

 

Black Swallowtail butterfly caterpillars

1-3’ tall/ April - June

Aster, New England

Aster novae-angliae

*

*

 

 

butterflies

3-6’ tall/ August-October

Beardtounge, Foxglove

Penstemon digitalis

*

*

 

*

hummingbirds

2-4’ tall/ May-July

Bee Balm

Monarda didyma

*

*

 

 

Hummingbirds,  butterflies, bees

2-3’ tall/ summer

Bergamot, Wild

Monarda fistulosa

*

*

* (light shade)

*

butterflies

hummingbirds

2-3’ tall/ July-Aug

Blue False Indigo

Baptisia australis

*

*

*

(light shade)

*

 

2-4’tall/ May-June

Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis

*

*

*

 

hummingbirds

2-5’ tall/ Aug-Sept

Columbine, Wild Eastern

Aquilegia canadensis

*

*

*

*

Hummingbirds

1-2’tall / spring-early summer

Coneflower,

Purple

Echinacea purpurea

*

 

 

 

Butterflies

Hummingbirds

2-3’tall / June-Oct

Coreopsis, tall

Coreopsis tripteris

*

*

*

(light shade)

 

Butterflies

Goldfinches

3-9’ tall / July – Oct

Geranium, wild

Geranium maculatum

 

*

 

 

 

Also called ‘Cranesbill’

1-2’-

spreads

Goldenrod

Solidago sp.

*

*

*

*

Butterflies

Varies: 1-6’ tall/ summer - fall

Iris, Blueflag

Iris verisicolor

*

*

 

 

 

Likes moist soils  2-3’

Joe-Pye Weed

Eupatorium sp.

*

*

 

 

Butterflies

2-8’ tall / summer – fall

Milkweed, Butterfly

Asclepias tuberosa

*

*

*

(light shade)

*

Butterflies

Monarch and Queen butterfly caterpillars

1-3’tall / June-Sept

Obedient Plant

Physostegia virginiana

*

*

*

(light shade)

*

 

2-3’tall/ August

Susan, Brown –eyed

Rudbeckia fulgida

*

 

 

 

Butterflies

2’tall (compact) / Aug- Sept

 

Trumpet Creeper

 

Campsis radicans

 

*

 

*

 

 

 

Hummingbirds

 

Vigorous vine – WILL SPREAD!

Violet, Common Blue

Viola papilonacea

*

*

*

 

Butterflies

Fritillary butterfly caterpillars

Ground cover – self seeds

NJ STATE FLOWER

 

Wild Stonecrop (Native Sedum)

 

Sedum ternatum

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

groundcover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Full Sun

Part-

 Sun

 

Shade

Deer Resistant

Attractive to……..

Height/Season

Shrubs

Smooth Alder

Alnus serrulata

*

*

 

 

Birds

Dense branching- good nesting habitat            6-8’

Northern

Bayberry

Myrica pennsylvanica

*

*

*

 

Migratory birds

3-8’

Blueberry – High bush

Vaccinium

corymbosum

 

 

 

 

Food and nests for birds

Good as hedge

6-15’

Dogwood –

Redosier

Cornus sericea

 

 

 

 

Berries (white) for birds

Bright red stems in winter         6-9’

Dogwood-

Silky

Cornus amomum

*

*

*

 

Berries (blue-white)

 

Elderberry

Sambucus canadensis

*

*

 

 

Berries for birds

White flowers in June

Vigorous shrub     5-12’

American Hazelnut

Corylus americana

*

 

 

 

 

Needs room to grow

10-15’

Holly- winterberry

Ilex verticillata

*

*

 

 

Berries (red) for birds

A deciduous holly

6-10’

Holly-

Inkberry

Ilex glabra

*

*

 

 

Berries (black) for birds

 

Oakleaf Hydrangea

Hydrangea quercifolia

*

*

*

 

 

Large white flowers in summer

4-6’

Mountain Laurel

Kalmia latifolia

*

*

*

 

 

White-pink flowers in late spring

New Jersey Tea

Ceanothus americanus

*

*

 

 

butterflies

Compact shrub – 3-4’

White pom-pom flowers

Paw Paw

Asimina triloba

*

*

 

 

Zebra swallowtail butterfly larva

Fruits are edible and taste like ‘banana-custard’

Swamp Rose

Rosa palustra

*

 

 

 

Rose hips for birds

A native rose

NOT same asRosa rugosa

Serviceberry/

Shadbush

Amelanchier Canadensis

*

*

*

 

Berries (red)

White flowers in spring          15-20’

Summerweet

Clethra alnifolia

*

*

*

 

 

Fragrant white flowers; spreads via suckers         8-12’

Sumac-

Fragrant

Rhus aromatica

*

*

 

 

 

 

Viburnum-

Arrowwood

Viburnum dentatum

*

*

*

 

Berries (blue-black) for birds

Nice fall color

6-15’

 

 

Viburnum-

Blackhaw

 

Viburnum prunifolium

 

 

*

 

 

*

 

 

*

 

 

 

Berries for birds (yellow then blue-black)

 

 

 

Small tree/large shrub

White flowers and red fall foliage                  12-15’

Viburnum-

Cranberrybush

Viburnum trilobum

*

*

 

 

Berries for birds

Not true cranberries

Viburnum-

Mapleleaf

Viburnum acerifolium

*

*

*

 

Berries for birds

Good in deep shade

Will form loose colonies

Excellent fall color

Viburnum –

Nannyberry

Viburnum lentago

*

*

 

 

Berries for birds

Deep red fall color

Witchhazel-

Common

Hamamelis virginiana

*

*

*

 

 

Large shrub

Fall/winter blossoms

Witchhazel-

Vernal

Hamamelis vernalis

*

*

*

 

 

Dense shrub – good for screening

Flowers Jan - March

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Full Sun

Part-

 Sun

 

Shade

Deer Resistant

Attractive to……..

Height/Season

Trees

White Ash

Fraxinus americana

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Green Ash

Fraxus pennsylvanica

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

American Beech

Fagus grandifolia

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Grey Birch

Betula populifolia

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

River Birch

Betula nigra

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Red Cedar

Juniperus virginiana

 

 

 

 

 

understory

Flowering dogwood

Cornus florida

 

 

 

 

 

understory

American Holly

Ilex opaca

 

 

 

 

 

understory

Swamp White Oak

Quercus bicolor

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Scarlet Oak

Quercus coccinea

 

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Pin Oak

Quercus palustrus

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Chestnut Oak

Quercus palustrus

 

 

 

 

 

NJ STATE TREE

Red Oak

Quercus rubra

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Black Oak

Quercus velutina

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

Black willow

Salix nigra

 

 

 

 

 

overstory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ferns & Grassses

Christmas Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides

 

*

*

 

 

Evergreen

Easy to grow

Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda cinnamonea

 

*

*

 

 

Cinnamon-colored fertile fronds appear in spring before sterile green fronds

Ostrich Fern

Matteuccia struthiopteris

 

*

*

 

 

Spreads by underground rhizomes

Edible fiddleheads

Sensitive Fern

Onoclea sensiblis

 

*

*

 

 

Good for wet areas

Fronds injured by early frost, therefore, ‘sensitive’

Leather Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis

 

*

*

 

 

Also known as Marginal Shield Fern

Does not spread

Goldie’s Wood Fern

Dryopteris

goldiana

 

*

*

 

 

Biggest boldest fern of the east

Likes cool moist woody area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottlebrush Grass

Hystrix patula

*

*

 

 

 

Likes the shade of a woodland setting

Tufted Hairgrass

Deschampsia caespitosa

*

*

 

 

Seed is food for birds

Low growing grass that forms mounds of finely textured stems

Gray’s Sedge

Carex grayi

 

*

 

 

 

Semi-evergreen

Interesting seedheads in late summer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more information about native plants, please see

Wildlife Resources Menu.

Additional Native Plants List

  Please help us to bring nature to our community,

Join the Group, it's Free! Please contact Jose German at:

josergerman@aol.com


 

 

 







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